Analysis of economic operation of liquid and gas tight industry in 2002-2005

According to statistics of hydraulic, hydraulic, pneumatic and sealing 295 major enterprises (including 175 hydraulic industry, 13 hydraulic industry, 34 pneumatic industry and 73 sealing industry), the sales profit rate is 8.94%, higher than that of the national machinery industry. Average level (6.34%). The industry average economic benefit index is 1.51, an increase of 0.13 over the same period of last year, total asset contribution rate of 12.69%, capital preservation and appreciation rate of 108.18%, asset-liability ratio of 56.57%, current assets turnover rate of 1.42 times, cost expense profit rate of 9.76%, labor The productivity is 61,274 yuan and the product sales rate is 96.72%. The production and demand are well connected and the economic benefits are rising steadily.
I. Completion of main economic indicators of hydraulic and pneumatic seals
1. The total industrial output value (current price) was 8.449 billion yuan, an increase of 27.71% over the same period of last year. The output value of liquid-tight products in the total industrial output value was 6.993 billion yuan, an increase of 27.97% over the same period of last year. Among them: hydraulic industry 4.344 billion yuan (+26.67%); hydraulic industry 313 million yuan (+57.80%); pneumatic industry 1.075 billion yuan (+45.65%); sealing industry 1.259 billion yuan (+14.77%). 54 key statistical enterprises completed 3.923 billion yuan, an increase of 26.46% over the same period last year.
2. The industrial added value was 2.605 billion yuan, an increase of 19.61% over the same period of last year. Among them: hydraulic industry 1.668 billion yuan (+16.99%), hydraulic industry 127 million yuan (+59.09%), pneumatic industry 345 million yuan (+37.56%), sealing industry 464 million yuan (+10.30%). The 54 key statistical enterprises realized industrial added value of 1.408 billion yuan, an increase of 16.17 percentage points over the same period of last year.
3. The industrial sales value (current price) was 8.172 billion yuan, an increase of 27.51% over the same period of last year. The sales value of liquid airtight products in industrial sales value was 6.846 billion yuan, up 29.14% over the same period of last year, including: hydraulic industry 4.236 billion yuan (+29.66%), hydraulic industry 294 million yuan (+40.87%), pneumatic industry 10.71 billion yuan (+44.66%), sealing industry 1.244 billion yuan (+14.71%). 54 key statistical enterprises completed 3.823 billion yuan, an increase of 28.55% over the same period last year.
4. Realized sales income of 8.083 billion yuan, an increase of 25.41% over the same period last year. Among them, the sales revenue of liquid and airtight products was 6.754 billion yuan, an increase of 25.39% over the same period of last year. Among them, the hydraulic industry was 4.210 billion yuan (+22.43%), the hydraulic industry was 280 million yuan (+39.90%), the pneumatic industry was 1.075 billion yuan (+47.19%), and the sealing industry was 1.187 billion yuan (+16.85%). . 54 key statistical enterprises completed 3.953 billion yuan, an increase of 24.37% over the same period last year.
5. Industry profit and loss situation: 47 enterprises in the company suffered losses, with a total loss of 34.082 million yuan and a loss of 15.93%. 295 enterprises were offset by profit and loss, achieving a profit of 723.18 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 42.20%. There are 100 companies with a profit of more than 1 million yuan, 24 companies with a profit of more than 5 million yuan, and 15 companies with a profit of more than 10 million yuan. There are 7 enterprises with a loss of more than 1 million yuan, and the loss amount is 23.225 million yuan, accounting for 68.14% of the total loss.
6. The export delivery in the first half of this year was 828 million yuan, an increase of 38.33% over the same period of last year. Among them, the export of liquid and airtight products was 729 million yuan, an increase of 41.12% over the same period of last year.
7. The actual investment in administrative expenses was 780 million yuan, an increase of 20.19% over the same period of last year. Among them: the hydraulic and pneumatic industries were lower than the average increase of 1.56 and 4.04 percentage points respectively, and the sealing industry was higher than the average increase by 1.04 percentage points. 54 key statistical enterprises invested 432 million yuan, an increase of 14.54% over the same period last year.
8. The actual investment in financial expenses was RMB 93 million, a decrease of 12.13% over the same period of last year.
9. The cumulative order amount was 8.375 billion yuan, an increase of 23.12% over the same period of last year. Among them: hydraulic industry 5.42 billion yuan (+21.17%); hydraulic industry 306 million yuan (+38.08%); pneumatic industry 1.265 billion yuan (+37.94%); sealing industry 1.383 billion yuan (+16.24%) . The 54 key statistical enterprises were 4.465 billion yuan, an increase of 21.60 percentage points over the same period of last year.
two. Mechanical industry production maintained steady growth According to the National Bureau of Statistics, due to the remarkable results achieved by the state's macroeconomic regulation and control, the national economy maintained steady and rapid growth, economic efficiency continued to increase, foreign trade grew rapidly, and some unstable and unhealthy factors in economic operations were initially obtained. Suppression, the overall economy is moving in the direction of macroeconomic regulation and control.
In the first half of this year, the national industrial added value reached 298.22 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 11.9%. Among them, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size was 2,468.2 billion yuan, an increase of 17.7%, 1.5 percentage points higher than the same period of last year. According to light and heavy industry accounting, heavy industry increased by 19.7% and light industry increased by 15.6%. According to the product, steel and steel increased by 21.1% and 23.2% year-on-year. The growth rate dropped by 5.3 and 6.3 percentage points respectively compared with the first quarter; energy products maintained rapid growth, and raw coal and power generation increased by 14.9% and 15.8% respectively. In the first half of the year, the industrial production and sales rate reached 97.2%, an increase of 0.2 percentage points year-on-year.
The growth rate of fixed asset investment has gradually declined. In the first half of the year, the fixed assets investment of the whole society was 260.82 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 28.6%. The growth rate dropped by 2.5 percentage points over the same period of last year and fell by 14.4 percentage points from the first quarter. Among them, urban fixed assets investment was 2,184.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 31.0%, down 16.8 percentage points from the first quarter. The investment in real estate development was 49.4 billion yuan, an increase of 28.7%, down 12.4 percentage points from the first quarter.
According to the statistics of China Machinery Industry Federation: In the recent period, under the circumstances of the adjustment of the national macro economy, the high prices of industrial steel products, and the tight energy supply, the various industries of the machinery industry have entered and retreated, and the overall economic operation has remained relatively Good growth situation. After entering June, the effects of macro-control have initially appeared in individual industries, and some products have declined slightly.
The growth rate of machinery industry production has slowed down. From January to June, the total industrial output value (current price) of the whole industry was 1,539.338 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 31.24%; the growth rate was 0.77 percentage points lower than that of the previous month. From the growth rate of total output value in each month of this year: the growth rate of output value in June is lower than that in April and May respectively, but in terms of total production: except for the holiday month, the total production in each month remains at 280 billion yuan. Above (see table below), the production of machinery industry in the first half of the year has basically maintained a steady growth.
Indicators 1-2 months 1-3 months 1-4 months 1-5 months 1-6 months of the month output value (100 million yuan) 2226.69 2803.66 2881.22 2738.17 2884.75
Accumulated growth rate (%) 25.61 29.89 31.79 32.01 31.24

Export delivery values ​​continued to climb on the basis of high growth in the first quarter. In the first half of the year, the export delivery value of the whole industry reached 211.554 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 38.30%, and the growth rate increased by 1.55 percentage points from the previous month. Since the beginning of this year, the export of machinery products has continued to grow, and the growth rate of export delivery value has increased month by month. The growth rate in January-June has increased by 13.74 percentage points compared with the beginning of the year. At the same time, the growth rate of export delivery value is higher than the growth of total output value and sales value, which is 7.06 and 7.01 percentage points higher respectively.
Judging from the completion of various indicators in the machinery industry, after entering June, the growth rate of major indicators has declined to varying degrees. Only the export delivery value has increased strongly, indicating that the export momentum of machinery products is not decreasing.
The completion of production of major products: Among the 96 major products in the statistics, there were 72 kinds of growth in the same month, accounting for 75% of all reported products; the cumulative year-on-year growth was 84, accounting for 87.5% of all reported products. In general, the products with a year-on-year decline in production in the month were mainly concentrated in construction machinery and some agricultural machinery products, such as agricultural transport vehicles and small tractors, while the national key investment products still showed a sharp upward trend. Specifically, it has the following characteristics.
â–  The production of large and medium-sized tractors in the agricultural machinery industry continues to be hot. Since the beginning of this year, the demand for large and medium-sized tractors has been strong, which has led to a rapid increase in production. From January to June, the output of large and medium-sized tractors reached 48,822 units, an increase of 85.71%. As of June, the output of large and medium-sized tractors has exceeded the highest in 2003. Yield. Among them, the enterprises with rapid monthly production growth are: China Yituo Group, Shandong Tractor Factory, Beiqi Foton Vehicle Co., Ltd., Hebei Xuangong Automobile Co., Ltd., John Deere Tiantuo Co., Ltd. And accounting for more than 60% of the industry's output, showing that the large and medium tow products manufacturers represented by Yituo Group have gradually become the strongest in the agricultural machinery market.
â–  Macro-control has an impact on the construction machinery industry. With the implementation of various national control measures, the demand for construction machinery products in June showed obvious signs of cooling. Of the four types of construction machinery products in the statistics, three products have declined. That is, concrete machinery (-37.74%), compaction machinery (-27.41%) and earthmoving machinery (-2.9%).
â– Environmental protection machinery and refrigeration and air conditioning equipment have grown significantly. Due to the deepening of environmental protection concepts, the market demand for environmentally friendly products has increased significantly. Water pollution prevention equipment and air pollution control equipment are products with large demand for environmentally friendly machinery products. In the first half of the year, it increased by 55.03% and 44.84% respectively. In addition, the refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment grew strongly in the first half of the year, with a total output of 2,278,400 units, an increase of 78.76% over the same period of last year, exceeding the production for the whole year of 2003.
â–  There is a big breakthrough in the development of new products in the machine tool industry, and products with high technical content occupy a dominant position. The monthly report of the first half of the year showed that the growth rate of high-precision machine tools, CNC machine tools and large-scale machine tools in machine tool products was higher than that of ordinary machine tools, reaching 79.25%, 45.02% and 77.13% respectively, and CNC machine tools and high-precision machine tools accounted for the total machine tool output. The proportion has gradually increased.
â–  Car production continued to fall. In the first six months of this year, the number of cars produced was 1,247,800, an increase of 20.29% year-on-year; the cumulative year-on-year increase was 34.25%. Both the month and the cumulative output showed a downward trend, and the production of cars changed from explosive growth to steady growth.
â–  The demand for key national projects represented by power generation equipment is strong, and power generation equipment products continue to maintain a substantial overall growth, with a minimum increase of 95.48%.
The development of the machinery industry has always been closely related to investment and is extremely sensitive to the volatility of investment. Generally speaking, about 20%-30% of the total fixed asset investment in the whole society is used to purchase equipment, so the growth of investment will inevitably bring about equipment. The change in demand, with the rapid decline of investment in April-May, the lag effect of investment on the machinery industry is gradually emerging.
The macro-control effect is initially revealed in related industries. â–  The construction machinery industry is a typical investment-driven industry. At present, the national macro-control measures have caused some projects to be suspended or slowed down, directly affecting the demand of construction machinery, and looking at the monthly output value of the construction machinery industry this year. The completion situation showed a trend of decreasing month by month. In June, it was 4.539 billion yuan; it was 1.513 billion yuan less than that in May. In May, the total output value was 6.052 billion yuan, a decrease of 577 million yuan from April. From the growth rate of output value: the growth rate in June was 27.52% compared with the same period of last year, and the growth rate further declined, which was 9.03 percentage points lower than that in May; it was down 15.96 percentage points from April.
According to construction machinery enterprises, the output of construction machinery mainframes has dropped by 8% since April. In addition to the increase of 8.8% in loaders, bulldozers, forklifts, construction cranes, graders, road rollers, pavers, excavation Machines and so on have all declined, and the largest drop is excavators. There are 7 excavator companies with a drop of 38.7%. The past three months of construction machinery sales season, the sales of these seven companies excavation decreased by 38.7%, which is not normal. Xuzhou Carter, Xiaosongshan Push, Changzhou Hyundai, Hefei Hitachi, Shandong Daewoo, Hyundai Capital and other wholly-owned and joint ventures lowered their total this year. In the past two years, the phenomenon of overtime work for workers who are common in the industry has disappeared.
â–  Heavy mining machinery industry is directly serving the steel, nonferrous metals, real estate and other industries. These industries are greatly affected by the cooling of macroeconomic regulation and control policies. In addition, with the investigation of the "Iron" project, a considerable number of enterprises' order contracts are affected by the return or postponement of delivery, and the contract cannot be executed on time, and the enterprise suffers a large loss.
â–  There are many contracts in the power equipment manufacturing industry. The major power generation equipment manufacturing groups such as Shanghai, Harbin and Sichuan Dongfang have no contracts of 70 to 80 million kilowatts. Although there are projects that are not implemented, they are still in the process. The nationwide power supply tension situation of development, the market demand for power equipment manufacturing industry will continue to be strong in the past two years, and the impact of the cooling of macro-control policies will be relatively small.
â– The machine tool industry, instrumentation industry, and basic parts industry are the mechanical basic equipment industries for many users. Therefore, the impact is between the above two major industries. It is estimated that although the growth rate in the second half of the year has declined, the decline will not be too severe.
â–  The cumulative output of the automobile industry in January-May increased by 28.15% compared with the same period of last year, of which the car increased by 37.59%. However, the monthly production and sales volume in April and May have both decreased compared with the previous month, and the output growth in April was -6.28. % (total vehicle output) and -1.37% (car production), rapidly expanded to -20.08% (total vehicle production) and -13.56% (car production) in May, and the sales trend is similar; the monthly production and sales show an accelerated decline. At the same time, stocks at the end of May increased by 26.52% (total vehicles) and 65.84% (sedans) respectively (inventories of 370,000 and 175,000 units respectively); the price of cars has also been lowered. The relative decline in corporate profits is inevitable. However, as for the whole year, due to the relatively high growth in the first half of the year, even if the growth rate slows down in the second half of the year, the annual production and sales volume is expected to reach about 20%.
Third, the hydraulic and pneumatic sealing industry economic operation industry economic benefits comprehensive index reached 1.51 (out of 295 enterprises, 177 enterprises' economic efficiency comprehensive index reached and exceeded 1.00, of which 107 enterprises reached the industry average at the end of June 2004 1.51). Among them: hydraulic parts industry 1.35, hydraulic parts industry 1.51, pneumatic parts industry 2.15, seals industry 1.75.
John Crane (Tianjin) Co., Ltd., Dalian Bogeman Co., Ltd., Shanghai Electric Hydraulic Pneumatic Co., Ltd., Shanghai Lixin Hydraulic Parts Co., Ltd., Shanghai Jiaotong University Nanyang Electromechanical Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Borgmann Co., Ltd., Zhenjiang Hydraulic Parts Factory , Nanjing Boiler Plant Accumulator Branch, Wuxi Deli Hydraulic Co., Ltd., Jiangdu Hydraulic Parts Factory, Qidong High Pressure Oil Pump Co., Ltd., Hangzhou Jinggong Hydraulic & Electrical Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Huachang Hydraulic Machinery Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Linhai Haihong Group Co., Ltd. , Ningbo Huali Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Ningbo Yonghua Hydraulic Equipment Co., Ltd., Ningbo Yining Hydraulic Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Linhai Machinery Co., Ltd., Fenghua Feigu Kaiheng Sealing Engineering Co., Ltd., Hefei Changyuan Hydraulic Parts Co., Ltd. Anhui Heli Co., Ltd. 蚌埠Lili Machinery Factory, Hefei Changyuan Hydraulic Parts Co., Ltd., Jinan Hydraulic Pump Co., Ltd., Shandong Runguang Hydraulic Technology Co., Ltd., Sichuan Riji Sealing Co., Ltd., State-owned 501 Factory, Qinchuan Machinery Development Co., Ltd. Hydraulic Parts Factory and other enterprises. In the second quarter of 2004, the comprehensive economic efficiency index was in a leading position in the industry.
At the same time, the initial manifestation of macro-control is also reflected in the hydraulic and pneumatic sealing industry. Some enterprises that have been supporting the metallurgical industry have reduced their orders, and have already ordered the goods. In this situation, the industry has maintained a steady growth trend from January to June this year. Among them: state-owned and state-owned holding companies (69), in the second quarter of 2004, the current industrial output value of 2.841 billion yuan, an increase of 27.72%; sales income of 2.771 billion yuan, an increase of 18.31%; profit and tax of 237.32 million yuan, an increase of 8.21 %. Private enterprises (180) completed the current industrial output value of 3.208 billion yuan in the second quarter of 2004, a year-on-year increase of 24.44%; realized sales income of 2.913 billion yuan, an increase of 25.73%; profit and tax of 412.4 million yuan, an increase of 30.73%. The three-funded enterprises (46) completed the current industrial output value of 2.399 billion yuan in the second quarter of 2004, a year-on-year increase of 32.34%; realized sales income of 2.398 billion yuan, an increase of 34.30%; profit and tax of 454.2 million yuan, an increase of 32.46%.
Hydraulic and pneumatic products sales dynamic hydraulic parts: According to the statistics of some (comparable) enterprises from January to June 2004, the sales volume reached 167,744,400 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.8%. Among them: gear pump sales of 951,009 pieces / 2,424.97 million yuan; blade pump sales of 381,834 pieces / 22,271 million yuan; piston pump sales of 33,988 pieces / 13,606,78 million; plunger motor (including low-speed high-torque motor) sales of 24,749 pieces / 18,252,220,000 yuan Hydraulic valves sold 993,801 pieces / 234,487,000 yuan; hydraulic cylinders sold 289,910 pieces / 37,667,200 yuan.
Pneumatic parts: According to the statistics of some (comparable) enterprises from January to June of 2004, the sales amount was 1,363,340 yuan. Among them: cylinder sales of 200,142 pieces /6649.99 million yuan; gas valve sales of 417,930 pieces / 47.71 million yuan; gas source processing components sold 170,194 pieces / 17.928 million yuan; pneumatic machinery (system) 4,523 sets / 4,326,200 yuan.
Fourth, the trend of economic operation in the second half of the year According to the judgment of the relevant state departments on the overall economic trend of the country, the GDP growth rate will reach 10% in the first half of the year, and the second quarter will be nearly one percentage point higher than the first quarter, which is about 10.5%. The economic growth rate in the first half of the year will fall back to 9%-9.5%, and will fall to 8.5% in the fourth quarter. The annual GDP will still grow at a rate of 9%-9.5%, especially in the process of industrialization. Maintain a reasonable level of growth to support the growth of the entire economy. From the perspective of macroeconomic regulation and control, it is to curb the overheating of investment in some industries, rather than to prevent the stable development of the national economy. In response to the problem of rapid investment growth and low-level redundant construction since the second half of last year, the government has adopted a series of macro-control measures based on economic and legal means, supplemented by necessary administrative means, and has not engaged in "quick braking" and " "One size fits all". For example, the investigation and management of the Jiangsu Iron Project, strict control of steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum three overheated industries, but basically for a small number of industries and individual projects. It should be said that this round of regulation and control has more administrative measures for government-led investment behavior, but it is still dominated by economic means and legal means for private investment behavior. Another example is the central bank’s measures to increase the deposit reserve ratio and adopt different treatments for different banks. For the investment in fixed assets that are growing too fast, in addition to issuing various warnings, it is also possible to adopt a structural approach. In general, the various measures taken now try to avoid excessive contraction in general and prevent economic growth from rising and falling.
Although the recent investment has declined, it has created a good foundation and development environment for the continuous and rapid development of the machinery industry in the long run. From the perspective of consumer demand, the central government's support for agricultural and food production policy measures is in place, and rural residents' income is expected to increase steadily, which will help increase the consumption demand of rural residents.
We estimate the country's macroeconomic regulation and control, the impact on the machinery industry will gradually increase in the second half of the year, and the growth rate of the machinery industry will decline somewhat, especially the new orders will be significantly reduced. On the other hand, the rising price of raw materials is still the main problem that restricts the development of the liquid-gas-tight industry. Facing the reality of rising raw materials, our industry enterprises must work hard to tap the potential inside, such as using comparative purchasing methods to appropriately increase the inventory of materials. To adapt to changes in the market situation. Under this situation, it is expected that the annual growth rate of production and sales of the machinery industry will drop significantly compared with the same period of last year, but the growth rate of the hydraulic and pneumatic sealing industry is still expected to reach 18%-25%.

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